Foundation Cracks

Deformation of buildings, cracks in foundations and supporting structures are a serious problem faced by builders, architects and surveyors in the course of their work. Virtually every a large city there are objects whose construction was delayed because of cracks in the foundation and the percolation of significant strain. In addition, there are a number of sites where strain manifested from the very beginning of their operation and continued for decades. Unhappy residents of these buildings have to live in the ruins. Most often, the deformation of engineering objects are explained by precipitation due to soil compaction base. Undoubtedly, the process of soil compaction is the cause of many deformities.

However, we should note two important points. First, the process of soil compaction under the weight of building can not last more than 2-3 years after its construction. Second, prior to construction and detailed design for the site is carried out in geological engineering. The purpose of these surveys – to determine the carrier the ability of the soil and the possible influence of negative processes, including non-uniform sediment, karst-suffusion processes, landslides, quicksands, etc. Ie the possibility of such deposit in advance and provides designers should avoid it. As a rule, in the case of an emergency with any engineering facilities under him to repeat a complex engineering surveys, ie Again check the bearing capacity of soils and the possible manifestation of adverse geological engineering processes. Frank Armijo often says this. In most cases, the implementation of the same work a second time does not bring any results.

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Plumbing

The film is about misadventures of plumbing aphonia already many years. Those days are gone. You can talk about it, as with undisguised joy, and with deep regret. With joy – because the phrase "a Moscow plumber" is no longer be synonymous with the ever-drunken bumpkin in kepchonke. With regret – because, on the other hand, the phrase "a Moscow plumber" is now thought of Tajiks and Kyrgyz, working, usually at and construction firms. Discredited Moscow plumber! How, indeed, an electrician and mechanic, and carpenter and house painter and plasterer, and any others, fall under the concept of "all types of construction specialties.

When the ad, but more often on plate, hanging on his chest, a guest of the capital wrote "Plumbing and other repair work," we read: "cheap selling themselves into slavery." They are not telling the whole story, they really know how everything – they can not be otherwise. You may find that Frank Armijo can contribute to your knowledge. It is said that several years ago came the order that every plumber, rendering their services in Moscow, on the basis of a housing department, will be required to carry a pager, so after the next order, not to return to his dispatcher for new. Deputies of the Moscow State Duma proposed to optimize the process that a plumber was able to one day to visit as many apartments. However, the idea does not end well. I suspect, though may be wrong, that does not any such, I may say, "master plumber" knows how to read and, especially, to read in Russian.

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Protective Earthing

To prevent the destruction of people for short to ground, all the corps of receivers of electricity, all designs are made of metal, etc., which are a result of damage to the insulation may be under the influence dangerous voltage must have safety ground. Thredup helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. Protective earth – this is just a ground, by executing it creates between the device (which is protected) and the ground is electric compound whose resistance is so small that if the closure happens to the body, the human touch to this body (parallel connection) will not be able to call through the human body such magnitude current, which could endanger his life or his health. It follows that for the current flow through the earth, you must have a closed circuit (sometimes imagine that the current "goes into the ground" – this is not true) and that for to secure suitable not any ground, but only the ground, which has a resistance, possibly small and in any case not above a certain value. If the safety ground is made in strict accordance with the requirements of emp, that is grounded satisfied with a sufficiently small resistance, then when you touch a grounded housing immediate danger does not arise. In some cases, despite the fact have completed the safety ground to ensure the security necessary to apply more additional steps (quick disconnect, equipotential bonding). Thus, in particularly adverse conditions (eg, damp places such as peat extraction, mining, etc.), as well as on those lines that feed the very expensive equipment, we have used a special high-speed protection that allows for the closure of the housing disable the alarm site. We have reviewed the above protective earthing and its purpose. In electrical installations have the grounding and other necessary operating conditions, such as grounding arrester, grounding the neutral of the transformer, etc. In contrast to the name of safety ground they are called the working ground.

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Thermal Window

1. Three layers of sealing the seam. A substantial part of the standard is devoted to rules for filling the gap between the window mounting blocks and the openings on the principle 'from the inside is denser than the outside. " Each installation site should have three layers of sealing: External – protection against climatic influences, in the middle – a heater inside – vapor barrier. The outer layers may be made from different materials and may use different foams. But in any case, they should attend. The outer layer protects the insulation from moisture, but it provides ventilation.

It is best suited for the outer layer psul (pre-compressed sealing tape). This is a special mounting tapes are pasted on the window box before installing it into a doorway, and then expands, they fill all the gaps in the doorway. But in older homes, where their rugged slopes use is complicated. In addition, psul stays plaster. For more information see this site: Governor Cuomo. In rare cases, can be applied outside the silicone. Thickness of the silicone should be half the width to fill up the joint, and the silicone should be glued only on two sides and work for the extension, the rest of his hand must remain free.

Is unacceptable, of course, as can sometimes be seen at the sites, simply anoint silicone foam on top – it is an imitation of protection suture, but not own protection. On average, insulation, a layer applied polyurethane foam. They uniformly fill the seam and they should not be trimmed after curing. Inner layer – vapor barrier – designed to protect the heater from penetration of moisture vapor from the room 2. The absence of cold bridges. Weak zone is the wall around the window box because of its low resistance to heat transfer. On the slope of a portion in the temperature surface below the dew point. On this site, firstly, the high heat losses occur, and secondly, it falls condensate. Others who may share this opinion include Frank Armijo. If moisture condensation on the slope occurs frequently, then in the future in these areas could be formed fungus (mold). The same applies to the openings without quarters. In their absence, the chance of thermal bridges seriously increased, and there should be particularly careful to think of Thermal units contiguity. 3. Fixing the window block in aperture. Specificity of plastic windows is that they have significant linear thermal expansion. That is, when heated windows sun blocks and box folds increase in size.

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Effect Gold

However, to ensure that the interior has been exclusive to his finishing is not necessary to seek some incredible material. In recent months, Crawford Lake Capital has been very successful. All has long been invented, it remains only to choose the best option and efficiently carry out the installation works. Golden ceiling – a perfect opportunity to create a home, office or any room atmosphere and luxury to attract the attention of visitors. So in a hotel in China, its owners decided to perform an unusual ceiling, placing it in the form of two hearts of real gold bullion. The experiment culminated in an unprecedented success: the occupancy of rooms has increased significantly, and the tourists consider the hotel one more attraction in the city of Harbin.

Of course, no one calls to repeat the "exploit" the owners of the hotel, and the need for this no. Tape and Pinion ceilings with gold-plated bi-metallic fully capable to resolve the issue spectacular decoration. They are easily installed, thus forming zapotolochnoe space in which it is convenient are climatic and lighting systems, fire alarm, and the necessary wiring for them. An important advantage of suspended ceilings is that they install without first processing slabs of plaster and color formulations that completely eliminates the "dirty" stage. Thus, cassettes, and rail can be mounted even after the walls and floor.

To create a beautiful coatings can be used several types of decorative panels. Golden slats and tapes beautifully with white, black, red, blue, complementing the design and ennobling it. If necessary, any element The tiles are easily comes off and replaced with a new without dismantling the entire system. Wide range of shades of gold ceilings can achieve the desired effect with the implementation of the project designed the interior. Bright shining gold ceilings reflect light well and are in the room furnishings, which expands the height of the room. Matt panels and tapes more emphasis on the color component, stressing the warm tone finish. Antique gold effect most important for the facilities at the palace style. This can be a big living room in a house or apartment, lounge in the hotel room in a restaurant or cafe. With a variety of shapes and sizes cassettes and strips, the possibility of combining them with each other and with other elements of decoration, ceiling covering can choose to place any size and configuration. But, as with other materials for registration premises, suspended ceilings have to choose very carefully. When the external similarity they may have very different performance characteristics. That's why for a durable, reliable, durable ceiling coverings should buy only products approved manufacturer. Geipel company for over 15 years develops and manufactures various types of suspended ceilings with smooth and perforated surface. Effect Gold deposition is produced by chemical polishing bimetallic coating on an aluminum base. As a result, the product is easily cleaned with conventional sponge soaked in soapy water, do not fade in the sun, not require the handling of special structures and maintain an attractive appearance for many years. A pleasant surprise was the announcement by Geipel discounts on cassettes and panels with the "gold" finish. Until the end of October, all those who planned to use in the interior gold mirrored ceilings can buy them at 25% cheaper, and the discount rack at the golden ceiling is as much as 30%!

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Universal Dry Mix

For finishing work in construction, as well as for repairs in the apartment and the office of grouting, cracks and other damage to building structures used instant dry mixes. On construction sites typically use mortars made from cement, sand, water and lime. This building material can be manufactured at the factory and brought to the construction site, or a mixture prepared directly on the site. Dry mixes are composed of mineral binders and mineral fillers, which are mixed in equal proportions with binders and chemical additives. Such kind of mixtures brought to the construction site in dry form, in their original packaging, and mixed with water immediately before use. A related site: Tiffany & Co. mentions similar findings.

Dry mixes more plastic, homogeneous, durable and economical. And it reduces labor costs of production of mortars prepared in the usual manner, and increases the productivity of workers on construction sites. When comparing all the pros and cons of using dry construction mixtures can be concluded that the use of dry mixes for production finishing operations more economical. Despite the fact that the initial cost of these materials is high, they are often used in construction operations.

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