Biography Haacke

Biography Haacke was born in Cologne, Germany. He studied at the Staatliche Werkakademie of Kassel, Germany, from 1956 to 1960. From 1961 to 1962 he studied thanks to a Fulbright scholarship at the Tyler School of Art at Temple University in Philadelphia. Haacke’s early work as a conceptual artist focuses on systems and processes. Some of the themes in his earlier works from the sixties, as Condensation Cube ( “Condensation Cube”, 1963-65) includes the interactions of physical and biological systems, living animals, plants and states of water and wind. They also raided the Land Art His later works have dealt more with socio-political structures and politics in art. Haacke has been outspoken throughout his career on his belief that museums and galleries are often used by the rich to seduce the public. Haacke From 1967 to 2002 he taught at the Cooper Union in New York City. One of his most famous works, Shapolsky et al.Manhattan Real Estate Holdings, A Real Time Social System, as of May 1, 1971 exposed the questionable transactions of real estate of Harry Shapolsky between 1951 and 1971. The one-artist exhibition of Haacke in 1971 at the Guggenheim Museum, which was to include this work and also questioned the business and personal relationships of members of the museum board was canceled by the museum director six weeks before the opening. An exhibition at the Wallraf-Richartz Museum was also canceled due to the inclusion of the Haacke PROJEKT ’74 celebration in Cologne, a history of ownership of a painting in the collection in which the activities of the Third Reich for its donor were revealed . (Topic of origin). MoMA Poll ( “Survey of MoMA) in 1970, Haacke created an installation commissioned by the MoMA in New York titled MoMA Poll.Haacke asked this question: “Would the fact that Governor Rockefeller has not denounced President Nixon’s policy in Indochina is a reason that you did not vote in November ” Visitors had to enter the ballot of “yes” or ” no ‘in one of two urns of Plexiglas. The result at the end of exposure was approximately twice ballots “yes” vote on “no.” The facility is a prime example of institutional critique, criticizing some members of the board and the institution itself (MoMA). In 1978 Haacke had a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in Oxford for creating the work entitled “A breed apart”, which made an explicit criticism of state-owned British Leyland which exported vehicles to the police and military use the apartheid regime in South Africa.In 1979 he had a solo exhibition at The Renaissance Society, representing highly political paintings that reproduced and altered ads Mobil, Allied Chemical and Tiffany Co. In the late eighties, Haacke progressed to a great use of paints and sculpture installations. In 1988 he held an exhibition at the Tate Gallery in London for which he made a portrait of Margaret Thatcher starring cameos by Maurice and Charles Saatchi. The controversial 1990 painting “Cowboy with Cigarette” Man with hat transformed (1912-13) by Picasso in a cigarette ad. The work was a reaction to the sponsorship of the Phillip Morris company in 1989-90 an exhibition of Cubism at the Museum of Modern Art. Hans Haacke published a book about ideas and processes behind this and other conceptual art entitled Framing and Being Framed. Haacke has since exhibited solo at the New Museum of Contemporary Art in New York, the Van Abbe Museum in Eindhoven and the Georges Pompidou Center in Paris.In 1993 Haacke shared, with Nam June Paik, the Golden Lion for the German Pavilion at the Venice Biennale. Installing Haacke, Germania, was an explicit referenceto the flag roots in the policies of Nazi Germany. Haacke Two years later he teamed up with Pierre Bourdieu and Free Exchange published a volume of their conversations. Haacke and Bourdieu expressed a shared interest in the relationship between art and politics.

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