Introduction Anaerobic

Introduction Anaerobic means “without oxygen” and refers to the energy exchange of oxygen in living tissue. Anaerobic exercise is a short activity where intensive anaerobic metabolism occurs in the muscles. Examples of anaerobic exercise: weightlifting, abdominal any exercise that consists of a brief effort is anaerobic exercise. Anaerobic exercise is typically used by sports athletes to acquire power with little resistance, and by bodybuilders to gain muscle mass. The muscles are trained under anaerobic exercise develop differently from the biological level, gaining more performance in activities of short duration and high intensity. Aerobic exercise, on the other hand, includes lower intensity activities developed over longer periods, such as walking, running, swimming and cycling. They require a lot of oxygen to generate the energy needed in prolonged exercise.There are two types of anaerobic energy systems: ATP-PC system, which uses creatine phosphate during the first ten seconds of exercise, and lactic acid system (or anaerobic glycolysis), which uses glucose in the absence of oxygen. The latter is an inefficient use of glucose and produces byproducts that impair muscle function. The lactic acid system is dominant for three minutes, but also provides a significant amount of energy in aerobic exercise because the muscles have a certain capacity for disposal of byproducts of anaerobic system, this ability can be improved with training.

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