French Revolution

With this the Iluminismo appeared, philosophical chain that considered ' ' the light of the reason on the darknesses of the dogmas religiosos' '. The Ren thinker Discardings showed to be the reason to the essence of the human beings, appearing the phrase ' ' I think, then existo' '. In the aspect politician the Iluminista movement was expressed for the necessity of the people to choose its governing through free choice of the popular will. Let us remember to us of that it was in this period that occurred the French Revolution in 1789. The Scientific Method appeared as an attempt to organize the thought to arrive itself at half the most adequate one to know and to control nature. No longer end of the period of the Renaissance, Francis Bacon nailed the inductive method as half of if producing the knowledge.

This method understood the knowledge as resulted of continuous experimentations and the deepening of the empirical knowledge. On the other hand, through its Speech on the method, Ren Discardings defended the deductive method as that one that would make possible the acquisition of the knowledge through the logical elaboration of hypotheses and the search of its confirmation or negation. The Church and the magical thought had yielded place to a called process, for some historians, of ' ' laicizao of sociedade' '. If the Church brought until the end of the Average Age the hegemony of the studies and by the explanation of the phenomena related to the life, science took the front of this process, making of the Church and the religious thought reason of being of the scientific studies. In century XIX (years 1800) science started to have a basic importance.

It seemed that everything alone had explanation through science. As if what he was not scientific it did not correspond the truth. If Nicholas Coprnico, Galileu Galilei, Giordano Bruno, among others, had been pursued by the Church, in function of its ideas on the things of the world, century XIX served as reference of development of the scientific knowledge in all the areas.

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