Sat, 06/23/2012 - 23:56
Defining Ambient Risk is an important concept because it allows in them to think in such a way about terms of probability as for the frequency how much to the occurrence places. It allows, therefore, to promote the planning from a prospectivo look. Evidently, on this an ample knowledge of the contextual dimension of the production of the danger depends, its potential damages, incidence and distribution (MARANDOLA JR; HOGAN, 2004). According to Bertoli (2006), when we worry in them about the contextual dimension of the one of conditions of confrontation of this event, the concepts of vulnerability, resilience and adaptation appear as basic. They allow in them to think about terms of impacts and conditions to answer to the potential damages of the perigos. About this context, we can think the event, having if carried through or not, of the point of view of as population groups, places or institutions they will be able to support the impacts of the danger, absorbing the impacts, recovering it the state daily pay-event or modifying behaviors, norms or the proper territorial order.
According to geologist Rodolfo J. Anglian, ambient Risk is the greater or lesser probability that occur damage or determined social catastrophe in one local one or region due to action of a natural process (Periodical the Globe). For Thouret (2007), the natural risks and its consequent catastrophes, in the developing countries, mainly are correlated to the sped up and not controlled urbanization, to the ambient degradation, the fragility of the capacity of reply and to the poverty. In what it refers to the management of risk in Brazil, only in last the 5 years if has perceived bigger concerns with the tripod of the risk management: protection, forecast and prevention (Figure 2). What one became in relation to the natural disasters in Brazil if concentrated in the called management of urgency and management of crisis, that is, actions produced after the occurrence of accidents.